CTET Previous Year Question Papers (2011-2012)

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is going to conduct the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) 2012 in month of November. The CTET will be held on 18th November, 2012 at various centres in all over india for the posts of Teachers from Class 1 to Class 8 in Central Government Schools like KVS, NVS and Schools which comes under the administrative control of Union Territories of India.
In Reference to the CTET 2012, the candidates who have applied for this examination can download the previous year Question papers to check the exam pattern and type of Questions which comes under it. See the link below to download the CTET Previous Year Question Papers of June 2011, January 2012 and May 2012.

Directions : Answer the following questions by 
selecting the most appropriate option. 
1. ‘‘Development is a never ending process.’’ 
This idea is associated with  
(1) Principle of integration 
(2) Principle of interaction 
(3) Principle of interrelation 
(4) Principle of continuity 
2. Four distinct stages of children’s intellectual 
development are identified by 
(1) Skinner 
(2) Piaget 
(3) Kohlberg 
(4) Erikson 
3. Parents should play a ___________ role in the 
learning process of young children. 
(1) sympathetic 
(2) neutral 
(3) negative 
(4) proactive 
4. The ‘insight theory of learning’ is promoted by 
(1) Jean Piaget  
(2) Vygotsky  
(3) ‘Gestalt’ theorists 
(4) Pavlov 
5. Motivation, in the process of learning, 
(1) makes learners think unidirectionally 
(2) creates interest for learning among 
young learners 
(3) sharpens the memory of learners 
(4) differentiates new learning from old 
6. Which of the following is not a sign of an 
intelligent young child ? 
(1) One who carries on thinking in an 
abstract manner 
(2) One who can adjust oneself in a new 
(3) One who has the ability to cram long 
essays very quickly  
(4) One who has the ability to communicate 
fluently and appropriately 
7. Which is the place where the child’s 
‘cognitive’ development is defined in the best 
way ? 
(1) Auditorium 
(2) Home 
(3) Playground 
(4) School and classroom environment 
8. The stage in which a  child begins to think 
logically about objects and events is known as 
(1) Pre-operational stage 
(2) Concrete operational stage 
(3) Sensori-motor stage 
(4) Formal operational stage 
9. Which of the following is not related to the 
socio-psychological needs of the child ? 
(1) Regular elimination of waste products 
from the body 
(2) Need for company 
(3) Need for appreciation or social approval 
(4) Need for emotional security 
( 2 )    A 
10. Which of the following will foster creativity 
among learners ? 
(1) Emphasizing achievement goals from 
the beginning of school life 
(2) Coaching students for good marks in 
(3) Teaching the students the practical 
value of good education 
(4) Providing opportunities to question and 
to nurture the innate talents of every 
11. ‘Mind mapping’ refers to 
(1) drawing the picture of a mind 
(2) researching the functioning of the mind 
(3) a technique to enhance comprehension 
(4) a plan of action for an adventure 
12. ‘‘A yung child responds to a new situation on 
the basis of the response made by him/her in 
a similar situation as in the past.’’ This is 
related to 
(1) ‘Law of Attitude’ of learning process 
 (2) ‘Law of Readiness’ of learning 
 (3) ‘Law of Analogy’ of learning 
 (4) ‘Law of Effect’ of learning 
13. The best way, specially at primary level, to 
address the learning difficulties of students is 
to use 
(1) easy and interesting textbooks 
 (2) story-telling method 
(3) a variety of teaching methods suited to 
the disability 
(4) expensive and glossy support material 
14. Education of children with 
special needs should be provided 
(1) in special schools 
(2) by special teachers in special schools 
(3) along with other normal children 
(4) by methods developed for special 
children in special schools 
15. ‘Dyslexia’ is associated with 
(1) Reading disorder 
(2) Behavioural disorder 
(3) Mental disorder 
(4) Mathematical disorder 
16. ___________ is not considered a sign of ‘being 
(1) Novelty in expression 
(2) Curiosity 
(3) Creative ideas 
(4) Fighting with others 
17. A student of V-grade with ‘visual deficiency’ 
should be 
(1) treated normally in the classroom and 
provided support through Audio CDs 
(2) given special treatment in the 
(3) excused to do a lower level of work 
(4) helped with his/her routine-work by 
parents and friends 
( 4 ) 
( 5 )A  
18. Which of the following statements 
cannot be considered as a feature of 
the process of learning ? 
(1) Learning is goal-oriented 
(2) Unlearning is also a learning process 
(3) Educational institutions are the only 
place where learning takes place 
(4) Learning is a comprehensive process 
19. Learning can be enriched if 
(1) teachers use different types of lectures 
and explanation 
(2) due attention is paid to periodic tests in 
the class 
(3) situations from the real world are 
brought into the class in which 
students interact with each other and 
the teacher facilitates 
(4) more and more teaching aids are used 
in the class 
20. To make assessment a ‘useful and interesting’ 
process, one should be careful about 
(1) using a variety of ways to collect 
information about the student’s 
learning across the  scholastic and coscholastic boundaries 
(2) using technical language to give 
(3) making comparisons between different 
(4) labelling students as intelligent or 
average learners 
21. A teacher, because of his/her democratic 
nature, allows students to sit all over the 
class. Some sit together and discuss or do 
group reading. Some sit quietly and read 
themselves. A parent does not like it. Which 
of the following may be the best way to 
handle the situation ? 
(1) Parents should show trust in the 
teacher and discuss the problem with 
the teacher 
(2) Parents should take away the child 
from that school 
(3) Parents should complain against the 
teacher to the principal 
(4) Parents should request the principal to 
change the section of their ward 
22. Which of the following should be considered 
the most important quality of a teacher at 
primary level ? 
(1) Competence in methods of teaching and 
knowledge of subjects 
(2) Competence to teach in highly 
standardised language 
(3) Eagerness to teach 
(4) Patience and perseverance 
23. ___________ is considered a sign of motivated 
(1) Questioning by students 
(2) Pin drop silence in the class 
(3) Maximum attendance in the class 
(4) Remedial work given by the teacher 
( 6  )
( 7  )    A 
24. At lower classes, play-way method of teaching 
is based on 
(1) psychological principles of development 
and growth 
(2) sociological principles of teaching 
(3) theory of physical education 
(4) principles of methods of teaching 
25. The term ‘curriculum’ in the field of education 
refers to 
(1) evaluation process 
(2) text-material to be used in the class 
(3) methods of teaching and the content to 
be taught 
(4) overall programme of the school which 
students experience on a day-to-day 
26. According to Piaget, at which of the following 
stages does a child begin to think logically 
about abstract propositions ? 
(1) Sensori-motor stage (Birth – 02 years) 
(2) Pre-operational stage (02 – 07 years) 
(3) Concrete operational stage (07 – 11 
(4) Formal operational stage (11 years and 
27. A teacher should make an attempt to 
understand the potentialities of her/his 
students. Which of the following fields is 
related to this objective ? 
(1) Media – Psychology 
(2) Educational Psychology 
(3) Educational Sociology 
(4) Social Philosophy 
28. Kritika who does not talk much at home, 
talks a lot at school. It shows that 
(1) she does not like her home at all 
(2) her thoughts get acknowledged at 
(3) the school provides opportunities to 
children to talk a lot 
(4) teachers demand that children should 
talk a lot at school 
29. ‘‘Children actively construct their 
understanding of the world’’ is a statement 
attributed to 
(1) Kohlberg 
(2) Skinner 
(3) Piaget 
(4) Pavlov 
30. In which of the following stages do children 
become active members of their peer group ? 
(1) Early childhood 
(2) Childhood 
(3) Adolescence 
(4) Adulthood 
( 8 )  ( 9 )A  
PART II / II 
MATHEMATICS / 
Directions : Answer the following questions by 
selecting the most appropriate option. 
31. Which is true for a hexagonal pyramid ? 
(1) It has six faces and each face is a 
(2) It has a hexagonal base with six 
triangular faces meeting at a point 
(3) It has two hexagonal faces and six 
rectangular faces 
(4) It has six hexagonal faces joined by six 
rectangular faces 
32. The length of a rectangle is ‘l’ and its width is 
half of its length. What will be the perimeter 
of the rectangle if the length is doubled 
keeping the width same ? 
(1) 4l 
(2) 5l 
(3) 6l 
(4) 3l  
33. In the following, which  is  the greatest 
number ? 
(1) (4)2
(2) (2  2  2)2
(3) [(2 + 2)2
(4) (2 + 2 + 2)2
34. A teacher asked in a class to 
represent 1/8 
 of  . Which amongst the 
following is an incorrect representation ? 
35. 407928 is read as
(1) Four lakh seventy nine thousand twenty 
(2) Forty seven thousand nine hundred 
twenty eight 
(3) Forty thousand nine hundred twenty 
(4) Four lakh seven thousand nine hundred 
twenty eight 
36. If an operator  is defined as
 4  3 = 4 + 5 + 6 
 5  4 = 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 
 6  4 = 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 
what will n  8 be equal to ? 
(1) n + 28 
(2) 8n + 28 
( 10 )
( 11 )    A 
(3) 8n + 36 
(4) n + 36 
‘‘These days prices have started rising.’’ 
Which amongst the following graphs 
represents this situation ? 
38. The weight of some mangoes is 2 kg 600 g and 
that of some apples is 1 kg 450 g. The weight 
of the mangoes is greater than that of the 
apples by 
(1) 4 kg 50 g 
(2) 1 kg 150 g 
(3) 1 kg 200 g 
(4) 150 g 
( 12 )A  
39. Examine the following matchstick 
patterns : 
If the pattern continues, how many 
matchsticks are needed in the 15th
 stage ? 
(1) 105 
(2) 65 
(3) 61 
(4) 62 
40. Look at the following table : 
 Station   Bus 1 Bus 2 Bus 3 
 New Delhi Departure 19:15 12:30 16:45
 Faridabad Arrival 20:22 13:25 19:10 
   Departure 20:37 13:35 19:22
 Mathura Arrival 00:40 18:10 21:55  
 Which bus takes the least time to reach 
Mathura from New Delhi ? 
(1) Bus 1 
(2) Bus 2 
(3) Bus 3 
(4) Both Bus 2 and Bus 3 take equal time 
In a dice, the numbers on the opposite 
faces add up to 7. Which amongst 
the following will fold into a dice ? 
( 13 ) 
( 14 )    A 
42. The number 49532 rounded off to the nearest 
thousand is 
(1) 49000 
(2) 49500 
(3) 41000 
(4) 50000 
43. How many 4-digit numbers are there in the 
Hindu-Arabic Numeration System ? 
(1) 99 
(2) 8999 
(3) 9999 
(4) 9000 
44.   is  ¾  of  a  `unit’.  What 
will be 1½ ?   
45. A rhombus has diagonals of length 8 cm and 6 
cm. Find its perimeter. 
(1) 18 cm 
(2) 20 cm 
(3) 24 cm 
(4) 28 cm 
46.  When  faced  with  word  problems,  Rajan 
usually asks ‘‘Should I add or subtract ?’’ 
‘‘Should I multiply or divide ?’’. Such 
questions suggest  
(1) Rajan seeks opportunities to disturb the 
(2) Rajan has problems in comprehending 
(3) Rajan lacks understanding of number 
(4) Rajan cannot add and multiply 
47. When teaching ‘shapes’, a teacher can plan a 
trip of historical places as  
(1) she has completed most of the syllabus 
well in time and needs to provide 
(2) it would be a good break from the 
routine mathematics class and an 
opportunity to improve communicative 
(3) field trips have been recommended by 
CBSE, so they are a must 
(4) shapes are an integral part of any 
architecture and such trips encourage 
connections across disciplines 
( 15 ) 
( 16 )    A 
48. The NCF (2005) considers that 
Mathematics involves ‘a certain way 
of thinking and reasoning’. 
From the statements given below, pick out 
one which does  not reflect the above  
 principle : 
(1) The way the material presented in the 
textbooks is written 
(2) The activities and exercises chosen for 
the class 
(3) The method by which it is taught 
(4) Giving students set formulae to solve 
the numerical questions  
49. Sequence the following tasks as they are 
taken up while developing the concept of 
measurement : 
a. Learners use standard units to measure 
b. Learners use non-standard units to 
measure length. 
c. Learners verify objects using simple 
d. Learners understand the relationship 
between metric units. 
(1) a, b, d, c 
(2) b, a, c, d 
(3) c, b, a, d 
(4) d, a, c, b 
50. Sequence the following tasks as they 
would be taken up while developing 
the understanding of shapes and 
space across primary classes : 
a. Matches the properties of 2-D shapes by 
observing their sides and corners 
b. Describes intuitively the properties of 2-
D shapes 
c. Sorts 2-D shapes 
d. Describes the various 2-D shapes by 
counting their sides, corners and 
(1) d, b, a, c 
(2) c, b, d, a 
(3) a, d, b, c 
(4) c, a, d, b 
51. ‘‘Problem solving’’ as a strategy of doing 
mathematics involves 
(1) extensive practice 
(2) using clues to arrive at a solution 
(3) activity based approach 
(4) estimation 
52. The purpose of a diagnostic test in 
mathematics is 
(1) to know the gaps in children’s 
(2) to give feedback to the parents 
(3) to fill the progress report 
(4) to plan the question paper for the endterm examination 
( 17 )
( 18 )A  
53. Vikas teaches mathematics to a class of 56 
students. He believes that conducting a test is 
effective if the feedback is given immediately. 
He conducted a short class test of 10 marks. 
What is the best possible way of giving the 
feedback effectively ? 
(1) He can let the students check each 
other’s answer 
(2) He can explain the solution of each 
problem on the board and ask the 
students to check their answer on their 
(3) He can have a whole class discussion on 
ways in which they have got their 
solutions and which is the effective 
strategy to arrive at the correct answer 
(4) Pick out any copy at random and 
discuss the method followed in the copy 
on the board 
54. To introduce the concept of area, a teacher 
can start with 
(1) comparing area of any figure with the 
help of different objects like palm, leaf, 
pencil, notebook, etc. 
(2) calculating area of a rectangle by 
finding length and breadth of a 
rectangle and using the formula for 
area of a rectangle (i.e. length ´ 
(3) calculating area of figures with the help 
of counting unit square 
(4) explaining of formulae for finding area 
of figures of different shapes 
55. To introduce the concept of 
fractions, a teacher can begin with 
(1) identifying numerators and 
denominators of different fractions  
(2) finding fractions on a number line 
(3) writing fractions in  the  form 
b of  
where b  0 
(4) identifying fractional parts of things 
around them 
56. While teaching comparison of fractions in 
which the numerators are same  
Rohit’s response was ‘‘since the numerators 
are same and since 7 is larger than 5, 
is bigger than
5 .’’ 
This suggests that  
(1) Rohit does not understand the 
magnitude of fractions 
(2) Rohit does not know the concept of 
numerator and denominator 
(3) Rohit does not know the concept of 
equivalent fractions 
(4) Rohit has not practised well 
57. When teaching addition of fractions, a teacher 
came across the following error : 
 
What remedial action can the teacher take in 
such a situation ? 
(1) Ask the child to practise as much as she 
(2) No intervention is needed because she 
will understand as she grows 
(3) Help the child to understand the 
magnitude of each fraction 
(4) Help the child to understand the 
concept of LCM 
( 19 )
( 20 )     A 
58. The chapters in the NCERT textbook 
of mathematics of Class-IV have 
titles like ‘‘The Junk Seller’’, ‘‘Trip to 
Bhopal’’, ‘‘The Way the World 
This shift has been done to 
(1) challenge the students to guess the 
mathematical content in the chapters 
(2) make them understand differently 
(3) make it interesting by relating it to 
everyday life 
(4) know about selling junk and travelling 
59. To be a ‘‘good’’ mathematician one must be 
able to 
(1) memorise most of the formulae 
(2) solve the problem in no time 
(3) understand, apply and make 
connections across the concepts 
(4) master the techniques of answering 
60. ‘‘Start a discussion in the class on things in 
the child’s environment which roll and slide. 
Help children to look at their shapes and see 
how some things roll and others slide.’’        
                Source : Math Magic II, NCERT 
Suggestions like this have been given in the 
NCERT textbook of Class-II to help a teacher 
understand that 
(1) discussion is the best strategy for the 
mathematics classroom 
(2) it is imperative for the teachers to draw 
the children’s attention to the things 
around them 
(3) discussions supplemented with 
demonstration help students to 
understand concepts better 
(4) discussions bring multiple perspectives 
into the classroom 
( 21 ) 
( 22 ) A  
Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option. 
61. It has been observed that the process of digestion is faster inside the stomach than outside because 
(1) the digestive juices inside the stomach are acidic, while outside they are alkaline 
(2) the amount of digestive juices produced in the stomach in the presence of food is much more 
(3) the digestive juices when kept outside the stomach become inactive 
(4) the food is churned in the stomach thereby increasing the surface area for quicker enzyme 
62. Cooked rice can be preserved for a longer time in a refrigerator because 
(1) microbes become inactive at low temperature 
(2) microbes are destroyed and killed at low temperature 
(3) moisture content in the food is reduced at low temperature 
(4) refrigerators contain certain chemicals which kill the microbes 
63. A lemon sinks in normal water but floats in salty water because the density of 
(1) salt water is more than normal water 
(2) normal water is more than salt water 
(3) lemon increases in salt water 
(4) lemon decreases in salt water 
64. Malaria can be detected by testing the blood for the presence of 
(1) ruptured liver cells in blood 
(2) larvae of mosquito in blood 
(3) eggs of mosquito in red blood cells 
(4) Plasmodium in red blood cells      A 
65. A Shooting Star is a 
(1) shining object which moves with a constant speed in the atmosphere 
(2) star with a tail at the end 
(3) meteoroid which catches fire as it enters the Earth’s atmosphere 
(4) star which moves with a constant speed 
66. Durga lives in a village and cooks food on a chulha (earthen stove) using wood or cow dung cakes as 
fuel. She has been suffering from severe cough for the last three months. This may be due to the 
(1) carbon monoxide produced by burning fuel which may have been deposited in her respiratory 
(2) soot produced by burning the fuels which may have been deposited in her respiratory tract 
(3) smoke produced by burning fuels which may have caused her allergy 
(4) old age and pollution inside and outside her hut 
67. A man with blood group ‘O’ marries a woman with blood group ‘A’. The chance of their first child 
having blood group ‘O’ is 
(1) 50% 
(2) 100% 
(3) 25% 
(4) 75% 
68. The difference between boiling and evaporation is that 
(1) boiling causes a change of state of water while evaporation does not 
(2) evaporation can take place at any temperature while boiling cannot 
(3) boiling causes reduction in volume of liquid while evaporation does not 
(4) changing of boiling liquid into vapour can be seen but evaporation cannot be seen 
( 23 ) A  
69.  A farmer wanted to separate the grains from the chaff. This can be achieved by the process called 
(1) Threshing 
(2) Winnowing 
(3) Harvesting 
(4) Handpicking 
70. In rural areas, cow dung is used to coat the floor and walls of huts to 
(1) make them smooth and clean 
(2) make them rough to increase friction 
(3) give a natural colour to the floor 
(4) keep the insects away 
71. Mira and Divya are young girls. Mira likes to eat samosas, cutlets and bread. Divya, on the other 
hand, takes an iron deficient diet. Which of the following disorders are Mira and  Divya  likely  to 
suffer from, respectively ? 
(1) Anaemia and night blindness 
(2) Obesity and anaemia 
(3) Obesity and scurvy 
(4) Scurvy and anaemia 
72. Vitamins are substances 
(1) required as medicines to make us healthy 
(2) that build muscles to keep us strong 
(3) required in small quantities to prevent deficiency diseases 
(4) that increase our metabolic rate leading to loss of weight 
73. Chipko Movement was strengthened under the leadership of 
(1) Amrita Devi Bishnoi 
(2) Medha Patkar 
(3) A.K. Banerjee 
(4) Sunder Lal Bahuguna 
( 24 )     A 
74. Rina separated the garbage from the house into two piles as shown below : 
Rina has separated the garbage waste into two piles depending on the criteria 
(1) can be decomposed/cannot be decomposed 
(2) can be recycled/cannot be recycled 
(3) are household/industrial waste 
(4) have odour/are odourless 
75. An egret bird is often seen on a buffalo’s back. This is because the egret 
(1) loves to sing while sitting on the buffalo’s back 
(2) rests after flying for a while 
(3) feeds on parasites on the buffalo’s back 
(4) feeds on insects present in the grass 
76. Which of the following statements is not an objective of teaching EVS  at the primary level ? 
(1) Arouse curiosity about the natural and social environment  
(2) Engage in exploratory and hands-on activities that lead to the development of cognitive and 
psychomotor skills 
(3) To load learners with terms and definitions for assessment 
(4) To internalise the values of concern for life and environment 
77. The idea of showing a sample of a railway ticket in the EVS textbook is to 
(1) give the students an idea of the rail fare 
(2) provide them the knowledge of various abbreviations used in the ticket 
(3) enhance the skills of students to arrive at conclusions 
(4) give them an opportunity to interact with real information and develop the skill of observation 
( 25 ) A  
78. The concept of ‘seed germination’ can be taught best by 
(1) howing germinated seeds to the class and explaining the process of germination 
(2) presenting the germination stages through drawings on the board 
(3) asking the students to perform an activity to sow seeds, observe different stages and draw 
(4) showing photographs of seed germination 
79. Which one of the following is not an objective of including riddles and puzzles in the EVS textbook ? 
(1) To develop critical thinking ability in students 
(2) To develop reasoning ability in students 
(3) To confuse the mind of the students and let them enjoy the confusion 
(4) To develop curiosity and ability to think creatively 
80. As an EVS teacher, you plan to take the students to the zoo. Which of the following activities would 
you not allow the students to undertake ? 
(1) Collect photographs of the animals they expect to see at the zoo 
(2) Take their drawing books along with them to draw what they see at the zoo 
(3) Take along lots of eatables for the animals at the zoo 
(4) Try to find out the food taken up by different animals at the zoo 
( 26 )    A 
81. At the primary stage, assessments should consist of 
(1) continuous and unstructured teacher observations to be shared with learners and parents 
(2) formal tests and games done every week and recorded in the Report Card 
(3) half-yearly and annual examinations at the end of the year 
(4) home assignments and class assignments every week to rate young learners under the 
categories of pass or fail 
82. Simple experiments and demonstrations can be performed in the EVS class 
(1) to enable children to learn on their own and sharpen their observation skills 
(2) to follow what is being done in the senior classes 
(3) to discuss ideas, record and analyse observations on the basis of questions raised by students 
(4) to control the students to ensure discipline in the class 
83. Which of the following statements about assignments is correct ? 
(1) Assignments need to be given as classwork followed by homework every day to provide variety 
and practice 
(2) Assignments should be the only method of assessment 
(3) Assignments provide learners an opportunity to search for information, construct their own 
ideas and articulate them 
(4) Assignments can be done by parents, brothers or sisters depending on the talent that they 
( 27 )A  
84. The skills required to read a map include 
(1) excellent drawing and painting skills 
(2) ability to use calculations and sketch positions on a globe 
(3) excellent communication skills to draw out the expressive ability 
(4) ability to understand relative position of places, distances and directions 
85. The use of poems and story telling to explain concepts in an EVS class helps to 
(1) make the lesson enjoyable and interesting 
(2) promote the ability to imagine and explore the nature of the world at the local and global level 
(3) take care of the language and cultural diversity among learners 
(4) channelize the energies of the students in the right direction 
86. To make children aware of different kinds of fuel, a teacher can 
(1) show pictures of fuels on a chart 
(2) ask children to list different fuels 
(3) show some samples of fuels in the class 
(4) discuss with children about possible kinds of fuel that can be used for cooking, along with a 
short film 
87. Giving importance to individual experiences of children in an EVS class will benefit the teacher 
(1) to know the unique experiences of children 
(2) to help and improve the language and communication skills of the children 
(3) to connect the subject to the learners’ experiential world and promote reflection and learning 
(4) to save her energy as children enjoy talking 
( 28 )     A 
88. Which of the following represents one of the objectives of teaching  EVS  at  Primary School ? 
(1) To make learners aware of technical terms and definitions 
(2) To assess technical terms related to EVS 
(3) To inform the learners about the books they should read to expand their knowledge 
(4) To connect the experiences of the learners in school with the outside world 
89. A school planned an educational trip for Class-V students to Rajasthan. What would be your 
expectation from the children during the visit ? 
(1) They should enjoy themselves 
(2) They should observe keenly, make notes and share their observations with other students and 
the teacher 
(3) They should note down their questions, if any, and ask the parents after reaching home 
(4) They should observe everything without asking questions about it 
90. After the lunch break, while teaching EVS, you find that students are not taking interest in the 
lesson. What would you do ? 
(1) Use audio-visual aids based on multiple intelligences to make the lesson interesting 
(2) Change the topic immediately 
(3) Take the children out to play in the ground 
(4) Ask them to put their heads down on the desk and relax 
( 29 ) A  
Directions : Read the passage given below and answer the 
questions that follow (Q. No. 91 to 99) by selecting the most 
appropriate option. 
1 Max Weber laid the foundation for my 
belief that decent and hard-working 
people with high aspirations make 
great nations, no matter what the odds 
are. This was the first piece of the 
development puzzle for me. Mahatma 
Gandhi opened my eyes to the 
importance of good leadership in raising 
the aspirations of people, making them 
accept sacrifices to achieve a grand 
vision, and most importantly, in 
converting that vision into reality. He 
unleashed the most powerful 
instrument for gaining trust – 
leadership by example. He ate, dressed, 
travelled and lived like the poor. 
Walking the talk was extremely 
important to the Mahatma who 
understood the pulse of our people like 
no other Indian leader. The biggest 
lesson for me from Gandhi’s book and 
life is the importance of leading by 
example. I realized fairly early that this 
was the second piece of the development 
2 Frantz Fanon’s book on the colonizer 
mindset of elites in a post-colonial 
society opened my eyes to the role of the 
bureaucracy and the elite in 
decelerating the progress of the poor 
and the disenfranchised. The colonial 
mindset of the ‘dark elite in white 
masks’ in a post-colonial society – the 
mindset that the ruled and the rulers 
have different sets of rights and 
responsibilities with a huge asymmetry 
in favour of the rulers — was indeed the 
third piece of the development puzzle. I 
see this attitude of the Indian elite 
every day in how they send their 
children to English medium schools 
while forcing the children of the poor 
into vernacular schools, extol the 
virtues of poverty while living in 
luxury, and glorify the rural life while 
they sit comfortably in cities. 
Source : ‘A Better India, A Better World’ – 
N.R. Narayana Murthy (Adapted) 
91. The main purpose of the author in the above 
passage is to 
(1) discuss the different writers he has read 
(2) argue why India should not be 
considered a developed country 
(3) delineate the lessons he has learnt for 
the development of a nation 
(4) prioritise goals for only economic 
development of India 
92. The first piece of the development puzzle, 
according to the author, is 
(1) creating a team of industrious people for 
a national cause 
(2) the importance of decent, inspired and 
industrious people for a nation’s 
(3) imbuing the citizens of the country with 
decency and aspirations 
(4) the need for making people understand 
the importance of leading an idealistic 
and simple life 
93. Mahatma Gandhi proved that only leadership 
by example can 
(1) mobilise the people of a country against 
colonial rule 
(2) fully and properly understand the pulse 
of the people of a country 
(3) gain the trust of the people so that they 
are willing to make sacrifices for a 
larger cause 
(4) inspire people to eat, dress, travel and 
live like the poor 
( 30 ) 
( 31 )    A 
94. The expression ‘walking the talk’ means 
(1) addressing public gatherings in an 
election campaign 
(2) talking to the common people by 
mingling with them 
(3) being diplomatic in one’s behaviour and 
(4) practising what one preaches 
95. The colonial mindset of ‘dark elite in white 
masks’ with reference to the passage is 
(1) discriminating people on the basis of the 
colour of their skin 
(2) an assumption that the administrators 
and politicians have more rights and 
privileges than the common people 
(3) looking down upon the poor and the 
(4) the bureaucratic practice of according 
topmost priority to confidentiality in 
official dealings 
96. Extolling ‘the virtues of poverty while living 
in luxury’ is an instance of 
(1) the hypocrisy of the people of our 
(2) practising what you preach 
(3) the ideal of a good government 
(4) the need to make people adopt a simple 
97. ‘I realized fairly early that this was the second 
piece of the development puzzle.’ 
The underlined part of this sentence is a/an 
(1) Adjective clause 
(2) Adverbial phrase 
(3) Noun clause 
(4) Verb clause 
98. Pick out a word or phrase from the second 
paragraph of the passage that means the 
same as ‘to make (something) go slower’. 
(1) disenfranchised 
(2) dark elite 
(3) decelerating 
(4) vernacular 
99. ‘Development’ is a noun with ‘-ment’ as a 
suffix. Which of the following will become a 
noun if we add the suffix ‘-ment’ to it ? 
(1) Extort 
(2) Enter 
(3) Enchant 
(4) Endure 
Directions : Read the poem given below and answer 
the questions that follow (Q. No. 100 to 105) 
by selecting the most appropriate option. 
On A Tired Housewife 
Here lies a poor woman who was always tired, 
She lived in a house where help wasn’t hired: 
Her last words on earth were: ‘Dear friends,  
I am going 
To where there’s no cooking, or washing, or sewing, 
For everything there is exact to my wishes, 
For where they don’t eat there’s no washing  
of dishes. 
I’ll be where loud anthems will always be ringing, 
But having no voice I’ll be quit of the singing. 
Don’t mourn for me now, don’t mourn for me never, 
I am going to do nothing for ever and ever.’ 
100. The woman described in the poem 
(1) was very busy doing chores 
(2) was no more 
(3) lived in her own house 
(4) worked in the house of a rich man 
( 32 )A  
101. The woman was always tired because 
(1) she was physically very weak 
(2) she was suffering from a serious ailment 
(3) she did all the household work without 
any help 
(4) she had hardly anything to eat 
102. The woman wanted to go to a place where 
(1) people didn’t sing or dance 
(2) people didn’t cook, wash or sew 
(3) people would take good care of her 
(4) people would sincerely mourn for her 
103. The woman’s account in the poem shows 
(1) how overworked a housewife is 
(2) that there is no work in heaven 
(3) how a woman can escape from work 
(4) how we should help each other 
104. ‘For everything there is exact to my wishes,’ 
In this line, the word ‘exact’ can be 
interpreted to mean 
(1) contrary 
(2) contributing 
(3) according 
(4) leading 
105. The rhyme pattern in the poem is 
(1) ab, ab, ab, ab, ab 
(2) aa, ab, cd, cd, ee 
(3) aa, bb, cc, dd, ee 
(4) aa, ab, bc, cd, de 
Directions : Answer the following questions by 
selecting the most appropriate option. 
106. Ria is unable to pronounce the words ‘smile’ 
and ‘school’ clearly. As her teacher, what will 
you do ? 
(1) Make Ria repeat the ‘words’ many times 
(2) Make Ria understand the meaning and 
sound pattern and get the class as a 
whole to listen to these words through 
an audio-visual medium 
(3) Humiliate Ria by isolating her and 
asking her to repeat the words 
(4) Asking the entire class to repeat the 
words and appreciating Ria when she 
repeats them correctly 
107. Lalita, a teacher of young learners, provides 
them with opportunities to play with clay, 
water and sand so as to 
(1) build fine motor skills, especially of the 
fingers and thumb 
(2) encourage play with no other objective 
(3) please them and make them happy 
(4) dirty their hands so that they may learn 
to wash them 
108. The spoken skills in a language teaching 
classroom can be developed through 
(1) engaging in small talk as confident 
agressive learners 
(2) emotionally connecting with learners 
(3) enabling activities with a focus on 
conversation skills leading to 
communicative competence 
(4) group activities where learners can talk 
in whichever language they would like 
( 33 )    A 
109. Ritu often makes errors in Subject-Verb 
concord. The teacher can help her by 
(1) taking up many examples for the entire 
class and paying special attention to 
(2) explaining to her the rules of grammar 
(3) asking Ritu to learn the rules and 
scolding her 
(4) asking Ritu to write the rules ten times 
in her notebook 
110. How will a teacher best teach ‘writing’ skills 
to a class ? 
(1) By brainstorming ideas and asking 
students to write in their own words 
(2) By asking students to write neatly 
(3) Through dictation 
(4) By asking students to learn articles and 
rewrite them 
111. In a diverse classroom, learners find it 
difficult to speak and write good English and 
often lapse into their mother-tongue because 
(1) they are not motivated to learn 
(2) they lack enough competence and the 
structures of the two languages are 
(3)  they  do  not  have  the  ability  to  learn 
(4) they are slow learners 
112. Read the two sentences given below : 
 The lizard ate the fly. 
 The fly ate the lizard. 
A teacher can use this example  to explain 
(1) there is no difference in the two 
sentences because both have the same 
(2) when subject and object change 
positions, the meaning of the sentence 
(3) they are examples of reported speech 
(4) they are a collection of words 
113. Mary, a young teacher, believes in 
personalised learning because she thinks that 
(1) every person must be exposed to 
(2) every learner is unique and needs to be 
given a chance to develop to the best of 
their ability 
(3) all learners must learn on their own 
(4) children must enjoy their learning 
114. Grammar should be taught by  
(1) asking students to learn rules 
(2) making learners do written assignments 
(3) giving clear explanations 
(4) enabling practice in context 
( 34 )A  
115. A child studying in Class-III says : ‘‘I dranked 
the water.’’ It indicates that the child 
(1) has not learnt grammar rules properly 
(2) should memorise the correct sentence  
(3) has overgeneralized the rule for making 
past tense verbs, showing that learning 
is taking place  
(4) is careless and needs to be told that she 
should be conscious of such errors 
116. Children who are differently abled join a new 
school. Teachers give different reactions. 
Which one reflects the concept of inclusive 
education ? 
(1) ‘‘Oh ! How can I teach children who 
cannot even read ?’’ 
(2) ‘‘I’m worried that my class may not 
accept these children and some of the 
mischievous children may even harm 
the poor kids.’’ 
(3) ‘‘Good, it will provide a good opportunity 
for the children to learn to help each 
other and be supportive.’’ 
(4) ‘‘Such children should go to special 
schools where they will learn better.’’ 
117. Leena uses Big Reading Books in her 
language classes to 
(1) allow students to read at home 
(2) ensure books carry a lot of information 
(3)  use these illustrated colourful books for 
reading together 
(4) use them for big students of different 
118. A teacher can cater to the learning styles of 
all the children by 
(1) teaching every lesson thoroughly and 
revising the lessons 
(2) testing the children frequently  
(3) advising the children to join 
drawing/dance/music classes  
(4) employing a variety of teaching methods 
and modes of assessment which cater to 
diversity among learners 
119. The Right of Children to Free and 
Compulsory Education Act, 2009 stipulates 
that learning should be 
(1) restricted to co-scholastic subjects  
(2) carefully monitored by frequent testing 
(3) through activities in a child-friendly 
(4) supported by extra coaching  
120. As part of a class project, a teacher planned a 
salad fruit celebration day in which all 
learners needed to participate. The boys 
protested as they felt that boys do not cook. 
The teacher should 
(1) ignore such protests and tell the boys 
what she thinks of their bias 
(2) complain to the head of the school 
seeking action against the boys 
(3) make an attempt to counsel the boys, 
impressing upon them that gender 
stereotyping is not healthy 
(4) respect the sentiments of the boys and 
allow them not to participate in the 
class project 
( 35 )A 
Directions : Read the passage given below and 
answer the questions that follow (Q. No. 121 to 129) 
by selecting the most appropriate option. 
1 Karuna Verma is bewildered. ‘‘I don’t 
know how she did it,’’ she says about 
her mother, Renu Chopra. Karuna’s 
childhood memories are of her father 
leaving late for office so that, by then, 
her mother would be back from work. 
Of her parents working in sync to make 
sure the kids were well taken care of. Of 
her mother handling kitchen and 
classroom with ease. 
2 When her own daughter was born, 
Karuna too wanted to do the balancing 
act. But it did not turn out to be as easy 
as it seemed. For starters, her parents’ 
era was different from hers. As she was 
living with her husband in Andheri, 
Mumbai, away from their families, 
resuming work would have meant 
leaving her daughter with a maid while 
she was away. Her daughter’s formative 
years would be spent with an outsider, 
a thought that did not appeal to 
Karuna. She quit her teaching job in a 
3 For a woman who was encouraged to be 
independent throughout her life, the 
decision to quit and stay at home was a 
difficult one. Ironically it was her 
mother who urged her to quit the job 
and become a full-time mother. For 
Karuna, being a housewife is one of the 
tougher jobs she has had. ‘‘I have no 
time for myself,’’ says Karuna. ‘‘I make 
sure all my personal work is done when 
Avni is asleep. Earlier I had a set 
routine. My husband and I used to 
wake up at 6 a.m. I would re-heat the 
food the maid had cooked the day before 
and pack it for lunch. Then we used to 
head off to work, and at night, we would 
go out. I had a lot of time to myself and 
for my husband then,’’ says Karuna. 
4 The routine is quite different now. 
Karuna has taken to cooking. She 
wakes up quite early and makes sure 
all her work is done before the baby is 
up. The rest of the day flies by, 
pandering to two-year-old Avni’s needs. 
Source : The Week, March 13, 2011 (Adapted) 
121. Karuna Verma is bewildered at 
(1) the amount of work that she has to do 
after becoming a mother 
(2) the late hours of work that her father 
(3) the responsibility of bringing up a 
daughter in a big city 
(4) her mother’s ability to combine her 
career with household work 
122. ‘... parents working in sync’ means 
(1) parents pooling their resources together 
to take care of expenses 
(2) husband and wife sinking their 
differences to preserve domestic 
(3) father earning and mother taking care 
of children 
(4) parents having staggered office hours 
and sharing household work 
123. ‘... Karuna too wanted to do the balancing act.’ 
In this sentence, the term ‘balancing act’ 
(1) sharing of responsibilities by both 
husband and wife 
(2) a mother’s ability to look after her child 
without quitting her job 
(3) managing the time efficiently so that 
parents can spend quality time with 
their children 
(4) making adjustments in order to balance 
work and leisure properly 
124. ‘As she was living with her husband in 
Andheri, Mumbai, away from their families
............ . In this sentence ‘their families’ refers 
(1) Karuna’s mother and father’s families 
(2) Karuna’s husband’s family 
(3) Families of friends in Andheri, Mumbai 
(4) Karuna’s parents and in-laws A 
125. Karuna’s parents and her husband’s parents 
probably lived  
(1) in Andheri, Mumbai 
(2) in some other city 
(3) in Mumbai but not in Andheri 
(4) with Karuna and her husband 
126. Karuna decided to quit her job because 
(1) she was not interested in her teaching 
(2) she did not want her daughter to spend 
her early years with a maid 
(3) she wanted to have more time to herself 
and for her husband 
(4) she wanted to pay more attention to her 
127. It was ironical that Karuna’s mother should 
advise her to quit her job and stay at home 
(1) Karuna herself was keen on quitting her 
(2) Karuna’s parents had insisted that 
household chores should be shared 
between husband and wife 
(3) Karuna’s parents  had always advised 
her that home was much more 
important than career 
(4) Karuna’s mother herself had not quit 
her job to take care of children as she 
encouraged independence of women 
128. After Karuna quit her job 
(1) she had a lot of time to herself and for 
her husband 
(2) she occupied herself with cooking to 
spend her time usefully 
(3) she sent her maid away as she felt that 
the maid was a bad influence on Avni 
(4) she had no time for herself as Avni 
needed all her attention and care 
129. ‘‘I have no time for myself,’’ says Karuna. This 
sentence can be written in reported speech as 
(1) Karuna says that  she have no time for 
(2) Karuna said that she had no time for 
(3) Karuna said that she had no time for 
(4) Karuna says that she had no time for 
Directions : Read the passage given below and 
answer the questions that follow (Q. No. 130 
to 135) by selecting the most appropriate 
1 This was one of the Old Man’s pet 
schemes; and one about which he would 
brook no interference. Each child would 
review the events of his school week in 
his own words, in his own way; he was 
free to comment, to criticize, to agree or 
disagree, with any person, subject or 
method, as long as it was in some way 
associated with the school. No one and 
nothing was sacred, from the 
Headmaster down, and the child, 
moreover, was safe from any form of 
2 ‘‘Look at it this way,’’ Mr. Florian had 
said. ‘‘It is of advantage to both pupil 
and teacher. If a child wants to write 
about something which matters to him, 
he will take some pains to set it down 
as carefully and with as much detail as 
possible; that must in some way 
improve his written English in terms of 
spelling, construction and style. Week 
by week we are able, through his 
reviews, to follow and observe his 
progress in such things. As for the 
teachers, we soon get a pretty good idea 
what the children think of us and 
whether or not we are getting close to 
them. It may sometimes be rather 
deflating to discover that a wellprepared lesson did not really excite 
Johnny Smith’s interest, but, after all, 
the lesson was intended to benefit 
Johnny Smith, not his teacher. 
130. The scheme, according to the Old Man, was 
useful because 
(1) it was meant to humiliate the teacher 
(2) it was meant to give power to the 
(3) it was excellent feedback for the 
teacher, principal and school 
(4) he was slightly eccentric 
131. ‘Pet schemes’ in line 1 refers to 
(1) a pet animal 
(2) a method he has advocated 
(3) a student he is fond of 
(4) a formula he had discovered 
132. The ‘Old Man’ refers to 
(1) a teacher of the school 
(2) the headmaster called Mr. Florian 
(3) a parent of the school 
(4) a student of the school 
( 43 )A 
133. The advantages of the scheme were many. 
Pick out the disadvantage from the list given 
(1) Effective feedback 
(2) Enhanced writing skills 
(3) Sometimes deflating to the teacher’s ego 
(4) Diagnostic and remedial for the student 
and the teacher 
134. ‘Sacred’ in the context of the Headmaster 
(1) that he was a holy man 
(2) that he was the powerful head of the 
(3) that even ‘he’ was not above the 
‘scheme’ he advocated for students 
(4) he believed in the sacred nature of all 
135. ‘Brook’  as  a  verb means  ‘to tolerate’ in para 
1. As a noun, it means 
(1) Suffer 
(2) Stream 
(3) Tolerance 
(4) Allow 
Directions : Answer the following questions by 
selecting the most appropriate option. 
136. The Right of Children to Free and 
Compulsory Education Act, 2009 has included 
‘all round development of the child’ as one of 
the aims of education because 
(1) every child grows rapidly between six to 
fourteen years 
(2) proper health care is essential 
(3) it nurtures the physical, mental and 
emotional aspects of the child 
(4) it ensures that every child is a part of a 
137. A textbook describes a domestic scene which 
shows the father cooking in the kitchen, the 
mother coming home from work and their son 
sewing. What is the concept conveyed ? 
(1) Removing gender bias 
(2) Dignity of labour 
(3) Division of labour among sexes 
(4) Work is worship 
138. Teachers do not give the meaning of new 
words to learners directly because 
(1) learners already know the meaning of 
the words  
(2) vocabulary will not be enriched 
(3) learners do not like to be given the 
meaning of words  
(4) it prevents learners from discovering 
the meaning through puzzling out using 
139. Reading for comprehension can be best 
achieved through 
(1) Helping learners speak words softly 
while reading 
(2) Learners reading silently and asking 
comprehension questions 
(3) Teaching learners to run a finger or 
pencil under the line being read 
(4) Asking the children to read the text 
140. Remedial teaching as part of Formative 
Assessment means 
(1) extra coaching by parents 
(2) teaching for gifted students 
(3) diagnosing and addressing gaps in 
(4) teaching beyond the textbooks 
141. What type of questions promote thinking 
skills in children ? 
(1) Personal response questions 
(2) Closed-ended questions 
(3) Factual questions 
(4) Questions based purely on the reading 
142. Which of the following is a value associated 
with an inclusive classroom ? 
(1) Sympathy 
(2) Collaboration 
(3) Competition 
(4) Envy 
( 44 ) A 
143. ‘Students need to brainstorm ideas, organise 
them, draft, edit and revise their work,’ is a 
‘process’ which reflects 
(1) Reading skills 
(2) Writing skills 
(3) Listening skills 
(4) Speaking skills 
144. The aim of mechanical drills is to 
(1) improve the fluency of the learners 
(2) improve the accuracy of the learners 
(3) strengthen the role learning capacity of 
the learners  
(4) encourage creative use of language 
among the learners 
145. Teachers help learners ‘construct’ their 
knowledge in English by 
(1) giving extensive language drills in 
which learners practice language items 
(2) enabling them to see the relationship 
between their prior knowledge and the 
new knowledge 
(3) giving the learners a lot of assignments 
and projects that will lead to much 
(4) correcting every mistake a learner 
makes and giving the relevant rule of 
grammar as immediate feedback 
146. Learners are involved in individual activities, 
pair work, group work and whole-class work 
because these 
(1) enable the already over-worked teacher 
to preserve her energy thereby 
becoming more effective 
(2) afford the learners opportunities to use 
the language in a focused manner for 
real-life interaction 
(3) provide the learners enough 
opportunities to relax in a language 
(4) have the sole aim of introducing variety 
in a language classroom 
147. Which of the following is an instance of nonformal learning ? 
(1) Children learning through 
correspondence lessons 
(2) Children learning to draw from their art 
(3) Children learning to cook from their 
(4) Children learning a new game from 
148. Which of the following statements is true ? 
(1) While all formative tasks are meant for 
improving teaching-learning, some are 
used for assessment too. 
(2) Formative assessment helps us to grade 
students into good, average and poor. 
(3) All formative tasks are meant for 
(4) Formative assessment, to be effective, 
must be conducted only after teaching a 
149. Group project work helps in developing 
(1) competition among learners to excel in 
(2) good memory in the young learners 
(3) a high level of ambition to achieve 
(4) collaboration, critical thinking and 
problem solving 
150. When young learners seem to lose interest in 
a lesson, the teacher should 
(1) allow them to go out and play 
(2) ask them to sleep for a while 
(3) tell a story or conduct an interesting 
(4) ask them to sit quietly for some time 

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